A microphone is a tool that functions as a transducer, meaning it changes one kind of energy into another kind of energy with as little variation as possible from that of the first source. In this case, when you make a recording, your kind of microphone would make a big difference.
Know that there are many different kinds of microphones sold in the market and that they are designed differently thus they function differently, and can meet different needs for your recording. Depending on your recording needs, we will present here the two main types of microphones that you will come across and make a choice.
It should not be too much of a challenge for you to choose a microphone if in the first place you know the differences between these microphones, and that you know what is its use for. Be aware for example that if you are recording vocals you will use a different type of microphone from that of recording instrument.
As a general rule, you can use dynamic microphones as the type great for live performances and instruments. It will be evident to see live performers to be using this kind of microphone. A condenser studio microphone on the other hand is the type that is used where details are extremely necessary like vocals and other soft recordings. Depending on your budget and if you can afford them, it is beneficial to have both types of microphones.
In recording vocals where a flatter frequency is a must than the dynamic, the condenser will fit into the requirements. What will happen when using a condenser studio microphone is that the recording will be much clearer and more accurate, while in using dynamic which are meant for live performances and instrument recordings, details are tuned out.
With a condenser studio microphone, you will require a mixer or a preamp that provides phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic does not require this power thus less sensitive.
Another important matter of consideration when choosing the perfect studio microphone for your use is the pickup pattern. Know that there are essential a three various kinds of pickup patterns, and these are the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
In the case of the bidirectional microphone where only two directions, the front and the back, can only be picked up, is used where people can share a microphone like in radio interviews.